Astrovirus Gastroenteritis in Children Younger than 5 Years in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso): Prevalence and Risks Factors Influencing Severity

Main Article Content

Zakaria Gamsonré
Cyrille Bisseye
Léon W. Nitiema
Birama Diarra
Théodora M. Zohoncon
Issoufou Tao
Tegwindé Rebeca Compaoré
Florencia W. Djigma
Djénéba Ouermi
Johan Nordgren
Virginio Pietra
Jacques Simporé

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of astrovirus infections and associated risks factors.

Methods: A prospective study was undertaken from May 2009 to March 2010, covering the rainy and dry seasons, at the Saint Camille Medical Center in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. A total of 213 non hospitalized children less than 5 years of age with diarrhea were enrolled and examined for astrovirus, others enteropathogens, and clinico-epidemiological aspects.

Results: Astroviruses prevalence among the enrolled children was 14.6%. Astrovirus infections were common during the cold dry season from December to February (38.7%), during the rainy season from June to September (54.8%), also during dry season in March (3.2%) and May (3.2%). Children younger than 11 months of age were most affected by astroviruses (16%). Moderate and severe malnutrition influenced more severe symptoms of astrovirus related diarrheas.

Conclusion: The present study shows that astroviruses have an important role in pediatric viral-associated diarrhea in Burkina Faso. Diarrhea is more severe in malnourished children.

Keywords:
Gastroenteritis, Astrovirus, Diarrhea, Malnutrition, Burkina Faso.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gamsonré, Z., Bisseye, C., Nitiema, L. W., Diarra, B., Zohoncon, T. M., Tao, I., Compaoré, T. R., Djigma, F. W., Ouermi, D., Nordgren, J., Pietra, V., & Simporé, J. (2019). Astrovirus Gastroenteritis in Children Younger than 5 Years in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso): Prevalence and Risks Factors Influencing Severity. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, 40(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijtdh/2019/v40i130216
Section
Original Research Article

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